Infertility is the state of not being able to conceive despite a long period of trying. Zion Hospital's Infertility treatment enables Men and Women plagued by infertility to finally experience the miracle of childbirth.

Doctors at Zion take extra care in treating patients plagued by Infertility. Patients are educated regarding the problem and undergo necessary tests to identify the problem.

What are the Most Common Causes of Infertility in Women?

1. Maternal Age: As the age of a woman increases the numbers of her eggs decreases. This makes it difficult to conceive once when the women hits her late 30s and enters her 40s.

2. Ovulation Disorders: Ovulation of a Woman may sometimes come to a stop or become irregular which leads to infertility.

  • Hyperprolactinemia: Body produces excess amounts of Prolactin (Used by the body to produce breast milk) which leads to a decrease in menstruation and stopping of the ovulation cycle.
  • Hypothalamus Dysfunction: Hypothalamus is the part of the body that regulates a lot of body functions including ovulation. Dysfunction of the Hypothalamus results in the stagnation of ovulation.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome has abnormal levels of male hormones and this causes a lack of or irregular menstrual cycles.

3. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: It is an infection of the female reproductive organs including the uterus and fallopian tube. It is caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. Infertility happens due to scarring of the fallopian tube, which stop eggs from fertilizing or prevents fertilizing inside the fallopian tube (ectopic pregnancy)

4. Polyps in the Uterus: Also known as Endometrial Polyps, polyps are outgrowth of cells from the lining of the uterus (Endometrium). They cause infertility when they block the opening of fallopian tubes into the uterus.

5. Fibroids: Fibroids are non-cancerous tissue growth on the uterus. Although most Fibroids are harmless, those that grow significantly larger ,sometimes block the entrance to the uterus or fallopian tube leading to infertility.

6. Unhealthy Bodyweight: Fat cells produce estrogen and hence overweight women produce more estrogen than normal. Excess amounts of estrogen disrupts pregnancy. Similarly, being underweight significantly affects estrogen balance and may lead to irregular or non-existent ovulation.

What are the Most Common Causes of Infertility in Men?

1. Vericocle: Vericocle causes abnormal temperature regulation which leads to declined sperm quality.

2. Infection: Infections may cause the blockage of sperm passage. Some infections are sexually transmitted like Gonorrhoea and HIV.

3. Hormonal Imbalance: Low testosterone levels or high estrogen levels are one of the leading causes of infertility among men.

4. Sexual Dysfunctions: Dysfunctions like Erectile Dysfunction (Difficulty maintaining an Erection), Premature Ejaculation, Delayed Ejaculation and Psychological Problems often interfere with the fertility of men.

5. Antibodies: Sometimes the body mistakes sperms for foriegn invaders and produces antigens to combat them. These antigens sticks to sperms or covering their heads which prevents them from moving around.

Infertility Treatments

1. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is the process of removing a woman's egg and fertilizing it with the sperm of the partner or a donor in a laboratory. The fertilized embryo is then placed in her uterus.

2. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

This is a supplementary procedure to IVF. In this process a single sperm is removed from a man and fertilized with a woman's egg in the laboratory. The embryo is then placed in the uterus.

3. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

In IUI, a man's sperm is removed from his body and transferred directly in to a woman's uterus.

4. Surgery

Surgery is used to fix a lot of causes of infertility. For example surgery is used to open blocked fallopian tubes and to remove polyps and fibroids.

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