General Surgeon deals with surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines inclusive esophagus, stomach, colon, liver and furthermore of the thyroid gland and hernia.
Common General Surgery Cases
General surgery is the surgical specialty often called "the Jack of all trades". It involves the skill and ability to care for many different surgical problems.
Cholecystectomy (Gallbladder Removal)
The gallbladder is a storage sac for bile that sits under the liver in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Bile is essential for the digestion of fat. When your stomach receives food high in fat, a message is sent to the gallbladder to contract and release more bile for digestion.
Gallstones can form in the gallbladder. Most gallstones are made of cholesterol. Gallbladder pain can be confused with heart pain. Therefore, seek the medical help of a General Physician or a General Surgeon, when you develop upper abdominal or lower chest pain.
Appendectomy (Removal of Appendix)
The appendix is a diverticulum(pouch) located at the end of the cecum (colon). It is located in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. The normal appendix is soft and narrow (like a worm).
When the appendix becomes inflamed (appendicitis) the appendix swells and becomes thick like a sausage. Typical symptoms of appendicitis are a vague abdominal pain with some nausea and occasional vomiting. Within a few hours, the pain localizes to the right lower quadrant. Increasing tenderness, restless sleep, lack of appetite and low-grade fever could also be present.
A hernia is a protrusion of abdominal tissue through a defect in the abdominal wall. Most hernias produce no symptoms. They are noticed as a protrusion (lump) which goes away when you lay down. Often patients experience a sense of discomfort or pain when a hernia protrudes. The discomfort resolves when a hernia reduces back into the abdomen. The concern with hernias is incarceration. Tissue from the abdomen (often intestine) becomes stuck in a hernia. The blood supply to the tissue is compromised and the tissue could die. Repair of a hernia resolves this devastating problem.
General surgery is the speciality which deals with skin, breast, colon and lung cancer as well as many other abdominal or soft tissue cancers.